Polymer materials for clinical applications should be bioactive and have a bone-bonding ability. In order to provide poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) with bioactivity, granules ( < 45 μm) of a bioactive glass 50CaO.50SiO2 (mol %) were implanted into PMMA: they were suspended together with a piece of PMMA in a 40 tetrahydrofuran-60 ethanol (vol %) solution and ultrasonically agitated. The granules of < 10 μm in size were impregnated at ~ 40-20 μm depth below the substrate surface. Two types were detected on the PMMA surface: (a) a glass-granule layer on PMMA, and (b) an inner granule layer, a PMMA layer, and an outer granule layer on the PMMA. The bioactivity of the implanted PMMA substrates was examined in vitro with a simulated body fluid (Kokubo solution). Apatite was precipitated on all glass granules and the whole substrate surfaces within 1 d. After 4 h soaking in the Kokubo solution, aggregates of apatite particles appeared on the substrate surface, independently of those on the glass granules, and they grew and proliferated on the whole subtrate surface in 7 d. Silica gel islands on PMMA due to the silicate anions from the glass were considered to induce nucleation of the apatite particles.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 1998|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering