Ultrasonographically predicting the extent of collateral flow through superficial temporal artery-to-middle cerebral artery anastomosis

Shuji Arakawa, Masahiro Kamouchi, Yasushi Okada, Kazuhiro Kishikawa, Tsuyoshi Omae, Tooru Inoue, Setsuro Ibayashi, Masatoshi Fujishima

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study was performed to elucidate whether the extent of bypass flow through superficial temporal artery-to-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) anastomosis could be indirectly estimated by measuring the blood flow velocity in the superficial temporal artery (STA) by using duplex ultrasonography. METHODS: We analyzed 29 patients (31 sides) who underwent STA-MCA bypass surgery for occlusive cerebrovascular disease (28 sides) or unclippable cerebral aneurysm that required therapeutic occlusion of the internal carotid artery (three sides). The flow velocities of the STA were measured by using ultrasonography. For patients who underwent the surgery unilaterally, the flow velocity ratios of the operated side to the contralateral side for the individual arteries were calculated. The correlation between these flow velocity parameters and the extent of bypass flow, which was graded based on the findings of cerebral angiography, was investigated. RESULTS: Both the affected STA flow velocity and the STA flow velocity ratio, particularly those in the end diastole, increased in patients with more extensive bypass flow. In patients with extensive, moderate, and poor bypass flow, the end diastolic flow velocities of the operated STA were 27.4 ± 8.8, 23.0 ± 7.8, and 13.5 ± 7.5 cm/s, respectively and the end diastolic flow velocity ratios of the STA were 3.4 ± 0.8, 2.1 ± 0.5 and 1.3 ± 0.4, respectively. The pulsatility index and resistance index of the affected STA were significantly lower in the patients with more extensive bypass flow. The optimal threshold value of the end diastolic flow velocity ratio of STA for the group with extensive bypass flow was 2.75, whereas that for the group with poor bypass flow was 1.60. With the obtained values, the sensitivity and specificity were 87.5% and 93.9% for the group with extensive bypass flow and 95.2% and 95.0% for the group with poor bypass flow, respectively. CONCLUSION: The blood flow velocity in the operated STA seems to be a highly sensitive parameter for predicting the extent of bypass flow in patients undergoing STA-MCA anastomosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)886-891
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Volume24
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2003

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Temporal Arteries
Middle Cerebral Artery
Blood Flow Velocity
Therapeutic Occlusion
Ultrasonography
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Cerebral Angiography
Diastole
Intracranial Aneurysm
Internal Carotid Artery

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology

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Ultrasonographically predicting the extent of collateral flow through superficial temporal artery-to-middle cerebral artery anastomosis. / Arakawa, Shuji; Kamouchi, Masahiro; Okada, Yasushi; Kishikawa, Kazuhiro; Omae, Tsuyoshi; Inoue, Tooru; Ibayashi, Setsuro; Fujishima, Masatoshi.

In: American Journal of Neuroradiology, Vol. 24, No. 5, 01.05.2003, p. 886-891.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Arakawa, S, Kamouchi, M, Okada, Y, Kishikawa, K, Omae, T, Inoue, T, Ibayashi, S & Fujishima, M 2003, 'Ultrasonographically predicting the extent of collateral flow through superficial temporal artery-to-middle cerebral artery anastomosis', American Journal of Neuroradiology, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 886-891.
Arakawa, Shuji ; Kamouchi, Masahiro ; Okada, Yasushi ; Kishikawa, Kazuhiro ; Omae, Tsuyoshi ; Inoue, Tooru ; Ibayashi, Setsuro ; Fujishima, Masatoshi. / Ultrasonographically predicting the extent of collateral flow through superficial temporal artery-to-middle cerebral artery anastomosis. In: American Journal of Neuroradiology. 2003 ; Vol. 24, No. 5. pp. 886-891.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study was performed to elucidate whether the extent of bypass flow through superficial temporal artery-to-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) anastomosis could be indirectly estimated by measuring the blood flow velocity in the superficial temporal artery (STA) by using duplex ultrasonography. METHODS: We analyzed 29 patients (31 sides) who underwent STA-MCA bypass surgery for occlusive cerebrovascular disease (28 sides) or unclippable cerebral aneurysm that required therapeutic occlusion of the internal carotid artery (three sides). The flow velocities of the STA were measured by using ultrasonography. For patients who underwent the surgery unilaterally, the flow velocity ratios of the operated side to the contralateral side for the individual arteries were calculated. The correlation between these flow velocity parameters and the extent of bypass flow, which was graded based on the findings of cerebral angiography, was investigated. RESULTS: Both the affected STA flow velocity and the STA flow velocity ratio, particularly those in the end diastole, increased in patients with more extensive bypass flow. In patients with extensive, moderate, and poor bypass flow, the end diastolic flow velocities of the operated STA were 27.4 ± 8.8, 23.0 ± 7.8, and 13.5 ± 7.5 cm/s, respectively and the end diastolic flow velocity ratios of the STA were 3.4 ± 0.8, 2.1 ± 0.5 and 1.3 ± 0.4, respectively. The pulsatility index and resistance index of the affected STA were significantly lower in the patients with more extensive bypass flow. The optimal threshold value of the end diastolic flow velocity ratio of STA for the group with extensive bypass flow was 2.75, whereas that for the group with poor bypass flow was 1.60. With the obtained values, the sensitivity and specificity were 87.5{\%} and 93.9{\%} for the group with extensive bypass flow and 95.2{\%} and 95.0{\%} for the group with poor bypass flow, respectively. CONCLUSION: The blood flow velocity in the operated STA seems to be a highly sensitive parameter for predicting the extent of bypass flow in patients undergoing STA-MCA anastomosis.",
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T1 - Ultrasonographically predicting the extent of collateral flow through superficial temporal artery-to-middle cerebral artery anastomosis

AU - Arakawa, Shuji

AU - Kamouchi, Masahiro

AU - Okada, Yasushi

AU - Kishikawa, Kazuhiro

AU - Omae, Tsuyoshi

AU - Inoue, Tooru

AU - Ibayashi, Setsuro

AU - Fujishima, Masatoshi

PY - 2003/5/1

Y1 - 2003/5/1

N2 - BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study was performed to elucidate whether the extent of bypass flow through superficial temporal artery-to-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) anastomosis could be indirectly estimated by measuring the blood flow velocity in the superficial temporal artery (STA) by using duplex ultrasonography. METHODS: We analyzed 29 patients (31 sides) who underwent STA-MCA bypass surgery for occlusive cerebrovascular disease (28 sides) or unclippable cerebral aneurysm that required therapeutic occlusion of the internal carotid artery (three sides). The flow velocities of the STA were measured by using ultrasonography. For patients who underwent the surgery unilaterally, the flow velocity ratios of the operated side to the contralateral side for the individual arteries were calculated. The correlation between these flow velocity parameters and the extent of bypass flow, which was graded based on the findings of cerebral angiography, was investigated. RESULTS: Both the affected STA flow velocity and the STA flow velocity ratio, particularly those in the end diastole, increased in patients with more extensive bypass flow. In patients with extensive, moderate, and poor bypass flow, the end diastolic flow velocities of the operated STA were 27.4 ± 8.8, 23.0 ± 7.8, and 13.5 ± 7.5 cm/s, respectively and the end diastolic flow velocity ratios of the STA were 3.4 ± 0.8, 2.1 ± 0.5 and 1.3 ± 0.4, respectively. The pulsatility index and resistance index of the affected STA were significantly lower in the patients with more extensive bypass flow. The optimal threshold value of the end diastolic flow velocity ratio of STA for the group with extensive bypass flow was 2.75, whereas that for the group with poor bypass flow was 1.60. With the obtained values, the sensitivity and specificity were 87.5% and 93.9% for the group with extensive bypass flow and 95.2% and 95.0% for the group with poor bypass flow, respectively. CONCLUSION: The blood flow velocity in the operated STA seems to be a highly sensitive parameter for predicting the extent of bypass flow in patients undergoing STA-MCA anastomosis.

AB - BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study was performed to elucidate whether the extent of bypass flow through superficial temporal artery-to-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) anastomosis could be indirectly estimated by measuring the blood flow velocity in the superficial temporal artery (STA) by using duplex ultrasonography. METHODS: We analyzed 29 patients (31 sides) who underwent STA-MCA bypass surgery for occlusive cerebrovascular disease (28 sides) or unclippable cerebral aneurysm that required therapeutic occlusion of the internal carotid artery (three sides). The flow velocities of the STA were measured by using ultrasonography. For patients who underwent the surgery unilaterally, the flow velocity ratios of the operated side to the contralateral side for the individual arteries were calculated. The correlation between these flow velocity parameters and the extent of bypass flow, which was graded based on the findings of cerebral angiography, was investigated. RESULTS: Both the affected STA flow velocity and the STA flow velocity ratio, particularly those in the end diastole, increased in patients with more extensive bypass flow. In patients with extensive, moderate, and poor bypass flow, the end diastolic flow velocities of the operated STA were 27.4 ± 8.8, 23.0 ± 7.8, and 13.5 ± 7.5 cm/s, respectively and the end diastolic flow velocity ratios of the STA were 3.4 ± 0.8, 2.1 ± 0.5 and 1.3 ± 0.4, respectively. The pulsatility index and resistance index of the affected STA were significantly lower in the patients with more extensive bypass flow. The optimal threshold value of the end diastolic flow velocity ratio of STA for the group with extensive bypass flow was 2.75, whereas that for the group with poor bypass flow was 1.60. With the obtained values, the sensitivity and specificity were 87.5% and 93.9% for the group with extensive bypass flow and 95.2% and 95.0% for the group with poor bypass flow, respectively. CONCLUSION: The blood flow velocity in the operated STA seems to be a highly sensitive parameter for predicting the extent of bypass flow in patients undergoing STA-MCA anastomosis.

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