Ultrastructural localization of laminin-5 (γ2 chain) in the rat peri-implant oral mucosa around a titanium-dental implant by immuno-electron microscopy

Ikiru Atsuta, Takayoshi Yamaza, Masao Yoshinari, Tetsuya Goto, Mizuho A. Kido, Tadayoshi Kagiya, Satoya Mino, Masaki Shimono, Teruo Tanaka

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Abstract

Laminin-5 (Ln-5) is an important molecule associated with epithelial cell adhesion and migration. In the gingiva around the tooth, Ln-5 localizes within basement membranes between the junctional epithelium (JE) and the tooth or connective tissue. Recently, we reported that in the oral mucosa around a dental implant, Ln-5 is expressed within the basement membranes at the implant-peri-implant epithelium (PIE) interface, and at the PIE-connective tissue interface. However, the ultrastructural localization of Ln-5 within or along the PIE has not yet been reported. Therefore, peri-implant oral mucosa was treated with anti-Ln-5 (γ2 chain) antibody and examined using immuno-electron microscopy. Ln-5 was localized in the cells of the innermost-third layer and basal layer of the PIE. A 100-nm-wide Ln-5-positive internal basal lamina (basement membrane) and hemidesmosomes as adhesion structures were formed at the apical portion of the implant-PIE interface. However, at the upper-middle portion of the interface, these adhesion structures were not observed. Furthermore, at the PIE-connective tissue interface, the Ln-5-positive external basal lamina (basement membrane) and hemidesmosomes were partially deficient. Judging from these findings, we concluded that Ln-5 contributes to the attachment of the PIE to the titanium surface, and that PIE attached to titanium at the apical portion of the dental implant-PIE interface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6280-6287
Number of pages8
JournalBiomaterials
Volume26
Issue number32
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2005

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biophysics
  • Biomaterials
  • Mechanics of Materials

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