In the leaves of the NAD-malic enzyme (NAD-ME)type C4 dicot Amaranthus viridis L., there are chloroplasts in the vascular parenchyma cells (VPC), companion cells (CC), ordinary epidermal cells (EC), and guard cells (GC), as well as in the mesophyll cells (MC) and the bundle sheath cells (BSC). However, the chloroplasts of the VPC, CC, EC, and GC are smaller than those of the MC and BSC. In this study, the accumulation of photosynthetic and photorespiratory enzymes in these leaf cell types was investigated by immunogold labelling and electron microscopy. Strong labelling for phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase was found in the MC cytosol. Weak labelling was observed in the CC and GC cytosol. Labelling for pyruvate, Pi dikinase occurred to varying degrees in the chloroplasts of ali cell types except CC. Labelling for the large subunit of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase was detected in the chloroplasts of all cell types except MC. For both NAD-ME and the P-protein of glycine decarboxylase, intense labelling was found in the BSC mitochondria; weaker labelling was recognized in the VPC mitochondria. These data indicate that when not only the MC and BSC but also the other leaf cell types are included, the cell-specific expression of the enzymes in C4 leaves becomes more complex than has been known previously. These findings are discussed in relation to the metabolic function of epidermal and vascular bundle cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Plant Science