As a means of preparation of biocompatible molecular surfaces, an alternate assembly of charged polysaccharides and oppositely-charged synthetic polymers was conducted. Cationic chitosan was assembled alternately with anionic poly(sodium styrenesulfonate) (PSS) at pH 4. Regular film growth and its dependence on ionic strength were detected by the quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) method. Averaged film thicknesses for the chitosanCPSS layer were 15, 31, 46, and 69 A°, respectively, when 0, 0.25, 0.5, and 1 M of NaCl was contained in aqueous chitosan. Adsorption of chitosan did not reach saturation in 20 min at 0 M NaCl, while the adsorption became saturated within 6 min with 0.25 M NaCl. Anionic sodium chondroitin sulfate was also assembled in alternation with cationic poly(dimethyldiallylammonium chloride) (PDDA) at pH 6.5. The adsorption of chondroitin sulfate was less sensitive to ionic strength. Surface morphology of chitosan–PSS films was investigated by non-contact atomic force microscopy (AFM) observation. Maximum height difference and Ra value for a 1000 × 1000 nm area were 11 and 0.69 nm, respectively, indicating the formation of a molecularly flat surface by alternate layer-by-layer adsorption.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering