We measured right ventricular (RV) strain by applying a novel postprocessing technique to conventional short-axis cine magnetic resonance imaging in the repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) and investigated whether pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) changes the RV strain. Twenty-four patients with repaired TOF who underwent PVR and 16 healthy controls were enrolled. Global maximum and minimum principal strains (GPSmax, GPSmin) and global circumferential and longitudinal strains (GCS, GLS) were measured from short-axis cine images reconstructed radially along the long axis. Strain parameters before and after PVR were compared using paired t-tests. One-way ANOVA with Tukey post-hoc analysis was used for comparisons between the before and after PVR groups and the control group. There were no differences in strain parameters before and after PVR. The GPSmax before PVR was lower than that in the control group (P = 0.002). Before and after PVR, GCSs were higher and GLSs were lower than those in the control group (before and after GCSs: P = 0.002 for both, before and after GLSs: P < 0.0001 and P = 0.0003). RV strains from radially reconstructed short-axis cine images revealed unchanged myocardial motion after PVR. When compared to the control group, changes in GCS and GLS in TOF patients before and after PVR might be due to RV remodeling.
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