Unique coevolutionary dynamics in a predator-prey system

Akihiko Mougi, Yoh Iwasa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we study the predator-prey coevolutionary dynamics when a preys defense and a predators offense change in an adaptive manner, either by genetic evolution or phenotypic plasticity, or by behavioral choice. Results are: (1) The coevolutionary dynamics are more likely to be stable if the predator adapts faster than the prey. (2) The prey population size can be nearly constant but the predator population can show very large amplitude fluctuations. (3) Both populations may oscillate in antiphase. All of these are not observed when the handling time is short and the preys density dependence is weak. (4) The population dynamics and the trait dynamics show resonance: the amplitude of the population fluctuation is the largest when the speed of adaptation is intermediate. These results may explain experimental studies with microorganisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-89
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Theoretical Biology
Volume277
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 21 2011

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Predator prey systems
Predator-prey System
Prey
Predator
predators
Population
Population dynamics
Molecular Evolution
Population Dynamics
Fluctuations
Population Density
Density Dependence
Microorganisms
Predator-prey
Plasticity
phenotypic plasticity
Population Size
Experimental Study
population size
population dynamics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Applied Mathematics

Cite this

Unique coevolutionary dynamics in a predator-prey system. / Mougi, Akihiko; Iwasa, Yoh.

In: Journal of Theoretical Biology, Vol. 277, No. 1, 21.05.2011, p. 83-89.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mougi, Akihiko ; Iwasa, Yoh. / Unique coevolutionary dynamics in a predator-prey system. In: Journal of Theoretical Biology. 2011 ; Vol. 277, No. 1. pp. 83-89.
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