Unique structural characteristics of nematic ordered Cellulose - Stability in water and its facile transformation

Eiji Togawa, Tetsuo Kondo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nematic Ordered Cellulose (NOC) film that exhibits a noncrystalline yet highly ordered form was prepared by stretching a water-swollen cellulose gel obtained in a unique manner with coagulation of cellulose molecules dissolved in the N,N-dimethylacetamide/LiCl solvent system. In this article, structural characteristics of this unique film were investigated. Orientation of the molecular chains in the noncrystalline regions across the entire film were stable after immersing in water at room temperature, though conventional amorphous cellulose regions are in any forms believed fairly to be recrystallized under a humid atmosphere. Even 30 days after immersing in water at 50°C, neither crystallization nor disordering of the chains occurred in the NOC film. On the contrary, the film was capable of being transformed into films composed of cellulose polymorphs domains where the molecular orientation was still maintained as the initial film under various mild conditions that both cotton and cellophane did not show any changes on their structure. These contradictory properties of the NOC film proved to be dependent on its unique supermolecular structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2850-2859
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
Volume45
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 15 2007

Fingerprint

cellulose
Cellulose
Cellulose films
Water
water
Cellophane
Molecular orientation
Crystallization
Coagulation
Polymorphism
cellophane
Cotton
Stretching
Gels
molecular chains
cotton
coagulation
Molecules
gels
crystallization

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "Nematic Ordered Cellulose (NOC) film that exhibits a noncrystalline yet highly ordered form was prepared by stretching a water-swollen cellulose gel obtained in a unique manner with coagulation of cellulose molecules dissolved in the N,N-dimethylacetamide/LiCl solvent system. In this article, structural characteristics of this unique film were investigated. Orientation of the molecular chains in the noncrystalline regions across the entire film were stable after immersing in water at room temperature, though conventional amorphous cellulose regions are in any forms believed fairly to be recrystallized under a humid atmosphere. Even 30 days after immersing in water at 50°C, neither crystallization nor disordering of the chains occurred in the NOC film. On the contrary, the film was capable of being transformed into films composed of cellulose polymorphs domains where the molecular orientation was still maintained as the initial film under various mild conditions that both cotton and cellophane did not show any changes on their structure. These contradictory properties of the NOC film proved to be dependent on its unique supermolecular structure.",
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