Universality class around the SU(3) symmetric point of the dimer-trimer spin-1 chain

Tohru Mashiko, Shunji Moriya, Kiyohide Nomura

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Abstract

We study critical phenomena of an SU(3) symmetric spin-1 chain when adding an SU(3) asymmetric term. To investigate such phenomena, we numerically diagonalize the dimer-trimer (DT) model Hamiltonian around the SU(3) symmetric point, named the pure trimer (PT) point. We analyze our numerical results on the basis of the conformal field theory (CFT). First of all, we discover that soft modes appear at the wave number q = 0 and ±2π=3 for the PT point, and then the system is critical. Secondly, we find that the system at the PT point can be described by the CFT with the central charge c = 2 and the scaling dimension x = 2=3. Finally, by investigating the eigenvalues of the Hamiltonian in the vicinity of the PT point, we find that there is a phase transition at the PT point from a massive phase to a massless phase. From these numerical results, the phase transition at the PT point belongs to the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT)- like universality class that is explained by the level-1 SU(3) Wess-Zumino-Witten [SU(3)1 WZW] model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number024005
Journaljournal of the physical society of japan
Volume90
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 15 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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