We study critical phenomena of an SU(3) symmetric spin-1 chain when adding an SU(3) asymmetric term. To investigate such phenomena, we numerically diagonalize the dimer-trimer (DT) model Hamiltonian around the SU(3) symmetric point, named the pure trimer (PT) point. We analyze our numerical results on the basis of the conformal field theory (CFT). First of all, we discover that soft modes appear at the wave number q = 0 and ±2π=3 for the PT point, and then the system is critical. Secondly, we find that the system at the PT point can be described by the CFT with the central charge c = 2 and the scaling dimension x = 2=3. Finally, by investigating the eigenvalues of the Hamiltonian in the vicinity of the PT point, we find that there is a phase transition at the PT point from a massive phase to a massless phase. From these numerical results, the phase transition at the PT point belongs to the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT)- like universality class that is explained by the level-1 SU(3) Wess-Zumino-Witten [SU(3)1 WZW] model.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)