Unradiogenic lead isotopic signatures of the source mantle beneath the southernmost segment of the Central Indian Ridge

Hiroshi Sato, Shiki Machida, Kana Ashida, Ryoko Senda, Kentaro Nakamura, Shigekazu Yoneda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Numerous studies have shown that the mid-ocean-ridge basalts (MORBs) distributed in the southern Central Indian Ridge (CIR) exhibit the DUPAL anomaly; yet, the corresponding temporal variations of this signal remain underexplored in this region. Here, we report new Sr–Nd–Pb isotope data for the MORB which forms the southernmost segment of the CIR (CIR-1) and interpret these together with previously reported elemental data. Our results indicate that the MORB from the current spreading axis of the CIR-1 segment is produced by a mixture of the partial melt of the depleted MORB mantle and melt derived from the lower continental crust (LCC). This interpretation is consistent with the previously proposed model for Indian MORBs that exhibit the DUPAL anomaly. In contrast, the MORB from the off-axis area shows a depleted trace element composition, particularly for highly incompatible elements. This can be explained by the mixture of the partial melt of a highly trace element-depleted mantle that has not been previously defined in this area and melt from the LCC and C component. Furthermore, high 87Sr/86Sr, Δ8/4, and Δ7/4 values indicate that the source mantle of the MORB in the off-axis area of the CIR-1 segment has undergone at least two melting events, including the formation of the current MORB. The first melting event occurred approximately 500 Ma and resulted in lower parent/daughter ratios (Th/Pb and U/Pb) in the residual mantle, yielding an unradiogenic lead isotope composition. Overall, our results suggest that a highly depleted mantle domain that underwent an ancient melting event lies under the northern CIR-1 segment, contributing to the formation of MORBs with an unradiogenic lead isotopic signature.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106774
JournalLITHOS
Volume424-425
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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