Tin halide perovskites (THPs) have appealing optoelectronic properties similar to lead halide perovskites (LHPs). However, THPs coated on metal oxide electrodes in normal-structure perovskite solar cells exhibit poor diode rectification, resulting in poor efficiency. This poor photoelectric performance in n-i-p-based THP solar cells is in contrast with LHP solar cells. We report that this deficient performance of THP solar cells is triggered by the defect states of the metal oxide layer. The defect states of the metal oxide can trap the electrons from the THP, leading to the prompt formation of Sn(IV), which will increase the carrier density and lead to poor photoelectric performance. This observation was supported by the ultraviolet-photoelectron spectroscopic measurements of inorganic thin films Al2O3, SnO2, TiO2, ZnO, and ZrO2. However, this self-doping phenomenon resulting in the increase in carrier density can be applied to thermoelectric studies. Using CsSnI3/ZrO2 nanocomposites as thermoelectric active layers, we report a power factor of 186.58 μW/mK2 measured at room temperature, which is better than the 148.61 μW/mK2 of the original CsSnI3 thin film.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Materials Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering