In this paper, a self-adaptive flange is proposed for the wind turbine shrouded by a flanged diffuser to reduce the wind loads acting on the flanged diffuser at high wind velocities. The self-adaptive flange can maintain the advantages of the flanged diffuser at wind velocities lower than the rated velocity and reduce the wind loads acting on the diffuser and blades at higher wind velocities. Numerical analyses of fluid-structure interactions are carried out to investigate the flow field around the diffuser with a self-adaptive flange and the variation of wind load acting on the diffuser due to the reconfiguration of the self-adaptive flange at various wind velocities. Numerical results show that the wind load acting on the total flanged diffuser can be reduced by about 35% at 60 m/s due to the reconfiguration of the self-adaptive flange.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Energy (miscellaneous)
- Control and Optimization
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering