Upper atmosphere response to stratosphere sudden warming: Local time and height dependence simulated by GAIA model

Huixin Liu, Hidekatsu Jin, Yasunobu Miyoshi, Hitoshi Fujiwara, Hiroyuki Shinagawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The whole atmosphere model GAIA is employed to shed light on atmospheric response to the 2009 major stratosphere sudden warming (SSW) from the ground to exobase. Distinct features are revealed about SSW impacts on thermospheric temperature and density above 100 km altitude. (1) The effect is primarily quasi-semidiurnal in tropical regions, with warming in the noon and pre-midnight sectors and cooling in the dawn and dusk sectors. (2) This pattern exists at all altitudes above 100 km, with its phase being almost constant above 200 km, but propagates downward in the lower thermosphere between 100 and 200 km. (3) The northern polar region experiences warming in a narrow layer between 100 and 130 km, while the southern polar region experiences cooling throughout 100-400 km altitudes. (4) The global net thermal effect on the atmosphere above 100 km is a cooling of approximately -12 K. These characteristics provide us with an urgently needed global context to better connect and understand the increasing upper atmosphere observations during SSW events. Key Points Strong LT dependence in tropical regions Fast downward phase propagation between 100 and 200 km Global net cooling of -12 K on the atmosphere above 100 km

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)635-640
Number of pages6
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 16 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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