Use of a high-pressure flowmeter for evaluating hydraulic characteristics of plant organs and absorption functions of roots

Daisuke Yasutake, Kitano Masaharu, Kiyoshi Nagasuga, Takuya Araki, Aksoy Kemal Osman, Katsumi Ishikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The hydraulic characteristics of plant organs and the absorption functions of roots of corn and tomato plants were analyzed by using a specialized high-pressure flowmeter (HPFM), which was equipped with a root chamber as well as a coupling to connect to the plant organs. The HPFM can detect changes in the hydraulic properties of the respective parts of the plant body. The hydraulic resistances of the leaf and root decreased with an increase in the water flow rate; this dependence was remarkable at low water flow rates. On the other hand, the hydraulic resistance of the stem was only slightly affected by the water flow. However, a positive linear relationship between hydraulic conductance (reciprocal of resistance) and water flow rate was found for the shoot, stem, and root, respectively. Further, the rate of nutrient (NO3 -1) absorption by the root was evaluated from the water flow (root water absorption) and NO3- concentration in the xylem sap exuded from the root stump. The high-pressure flowmeter with the root chamber can be used for studying water and nutrient transport in plants and their responses to environmental elements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-105
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Control in Biology
Volume49
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 14 2011

Fingerprint

flowmeters
plant organs
fluid mechanics
water flow
stems
nutrient transport
stumps
sap
water uptake
plant anatomy
xylem
tomatoes
shoots
corn
nutrients

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Use of a high-pressure flowmeter for evaluating hydraulic characteristics of plant organs and absorption functions of roots. / Yasutake, Daisuke; Masaharu, Kitano; Nagasuga, Kiyoshi; Araki, Takuya; Osman, Aksoy Kemal; Ishikawa, Katsumi.

In: Environmental Control in Biology, Vol. 49, No. 2, 14.10.2011, p. 99-105.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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