Use of Hip Arthroscopy and Risk of Conversion to Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Population-Based Analysis Presented at the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting, Las Vegas, NV, March 2015.

William W. Schairer, Benedict U. Nwachukwu, Frank McCormick, Stephen Lyman, David Mayman

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34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose To use population-level data to (1) evaluate the conversion rate of total hip arthroplasty (THA) within 2 years of hip arthroscopy and (2) assess the influence of age, arthritis, and obesity on the rate of conversion to THA. Methods We used the State Ambulatory Surgery Databases and State Inpatient Databases for California and Florida from 2005 through 2012, which contain 100% of patient visits. Hip arthroscopy patients were tracked for subsequent primary THA within 2 years. Out-of-state patients and patients with less than 2 years follow-up were excluded. Multivariate analysis identified risks for subsequent hip arthroplasty after arthroscopy. Results We identified 7,351 patients who underwent hip arthroscopy with 2 years follow-up. The mean age was 43.9 ± 13.7 years, and 58.8% were female patients. Overall, 11.7% of patients underwent THA conversion within 2 years. The conversion rate was lowest in patients aged younger than 40 years (3.0%) and highest in the 60- to 69-year-old group (35.0%) (P <.001). We found an increased risk of THA conversion in older patients and in patients with osteoarthritis or obesity at the time of hip arthroscopy. Patients treated at high-volume hip arthroscopy centers had a lower THA conversion rate than those treated at low-volume centers (15.1% v 9.7%, P <.001). Conclusions Hip arthroscopy is performed in patients of various ages, including middle-aged and elderly patients. Older patients have a higher rate of conversion to THA, as do patients with osteoarthritis or obesity. Level of Evidence Level III, retrospective comparative study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)587-593
Number of pages7
JournalArthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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