Usefulness of partial volume effect-corrected F-18 FDG PET/CT for predicting I-131 accumulation in the metastatic lymph nodes of patients with thyroid carcinoma

Yasuhiro Maruoka, Koichiro Abe, Shingo Baba, Takuro Isoda, Yoshiyuki Kitamura, Noriko Mizoguchi, Go Akamatsu, Masayuki Sasaki, Hiroshi Honda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical usefulness of partial volume effect (PVE)-corrected F-18 FDG PET/CT for predicting I-131 accumulation in metastatic lymph nodes (mLNs) during I-131 therapy for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Methods: Sixty-five mLNs in 31 PTC patients who underwent F-18 FDG PET/CT in an initial radioiodine therapy (RIT) were retrospectively evaluated. Of these, 25 mLNs were I-131-positive and 40 were I-131-negative. SUVmax and SUVmax with PVE correction (cSUVmax) were measured for each mLN, where PVE correction was performed utilizing a simple table lookup correction method. Then, SUVmax/cSUVmax was compared between I-131-positive and I-131-negative mLNs, including the analyses for the mLNs with small-sized (<1 cm) and weak FDG accumulation (SUVmax <3.5). The predictability for I-131 accumulation with SUVmax/cSUVmax was also compared. Results: For all 65 mLNs, SUVmax/cSUVmax was significantly higher in I-131-negative than I-131-positive mLNs (p < 0.0001). Only in cSUVmax, I-131-negative mLNs were significantly higher than I-131-positive, in terms of the 30 small-sized mLNs (p = 0.0001) and 14 mLNs with weak FDG uptake (p = 0.007). The highest accuracy in predictability for I-131 accumulation was significantly better with cSUVmax (92 %) than SUVmax (62 %) (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: PVE-corrected F-18 FDG PET/CT is a valuable predictor of I-131 accumulation in mLNs during RIT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)873-879
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Nuclear Medicine
Volume27
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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