Usefulness of partial volume effect-corrected F-18 FDG PET/CT for predicting I-131 accumulation in the metastatic lymph nodes of patients with thyroid carcinoma

Yasuhiro Maruoka, Koichiro Abe, Shingo Baba, Takuro Isoda, Yoshiyuki Kitamura, Noriko Mizoguchi, Go Akamatsu, Masayuki Sasaki, Hiroshi Honda

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Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical usefulness of partial volume effect (PVE)-corrected F-18 FDG PET/CT for predicting I-131 accumulation in metastatic lymph nodes (mLNs) during I-131 therapy for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Methods: Sixty-five mLNs in 31 PTC patients who underwent F-18 FDG PET/CT in an initial radioiodine therapy (RIT) were retrospectively evaluated. Of these, 25 mLNs were I-131-positive and 40 were I-131-negative. SUVmax and SUVmax with PVE correction (cSUVmax) were measured for each mLN, where PVE correction was performed utilizing a simple table lookup correction method. Then, SUVmax/cSUVmax was compared between I-131-positive and I-131-negative mLNs, including the analyses for the mLNs with small-sized (<1 cm) and weak FDG accumulation (SUVmax <3.5). The predictability for I-131 accumulation with SUVmax/cSUVmax was also compared. Results: For all 65 mLNs, SUVmax/cSUVmax was significantly higher in I-131-negative than I-131-positive mLNs (p < 0.0001). Only in cSUVmax, I-131-negative mLNs were significantly higher than I-131-positive, in terms of the 30 small-sized mLNs (p = 0.0001) and 14 mLNs with weak FDG uptake (p = 0.007). The highest accuracy in predictability for I-131 accumulation was significantly better with cSUVmax (92 %) than SUVmax (62 %) (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: PVE-corrected F-18 FDG PET/CT is a valuable predictor of I-131 accumulation in mLNs during RIT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)873-879
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Nuclear Medicine
Volume27
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2013

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Thyroid Neoplasms
Lymph Nodes
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

@article{3ef97de8137f4efe8fd38866bc7ac7b9,
title = "Usefulness of partial volume effect-corrected F-18 FDG PET/CT for predicting I-131 accumulation in the metastatic lymph nodes of patients with thyroid carcinoma",
abstract = "Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical usefulness of partial volume effect (PVE)-corrected F-18 FDG PET/CT for predicting I-131 accumulation in metastatic lymph nodes (mLNs) during I-131 therapy for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Methods: Sixty-five mLNs in 31 PTC patients who underwent F-18 FDG PET/CT in an initial radioiodine therapy (RIT) were retrospectively evaluated. Of these, 25 mLNs were I-131-positive and 40 were I-131-negative. SUVmax and SUVmax with PVE correction (cSUVmax) were measured for each mLN, where PVE correction was performed utilizing a simple table lookup correction method. Then, SUVmax/cSUVmax was compared between I-131-positive and I-131-negative mLNs, including the analyses for the mLNs with small-sized (<1 cm) and weak FDG accumulation (SUVmax <3.5). The predictability for I-131 accumulation with SUVmax/cSUVmax was also compared. Results: For all 65 mLNs, SUVmax/cSUVmax was significantly higher in I-131-negative than I-131-positive mLNs (p < 0.0001). Only in cSUVmax, I-131-negative mLNs were significantly higher than I-131-positive, in terms of the 30 small-sized mLNs (p = 0.0001) and 14 mLNs with weak FDG uptake (p = 0.007). The highest accuracy in predictability for I-131 accumulation was significantly better with cSUVmax (92 {\%}) than SUVmax (62 {\%}) (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: PVE-corrected F-18 FDG PET/CT is a valuable predictor of I-131 accumulation in mLNs during RIT.",
author = "Yasuhiro Maruoka and Koichiro Abe and Shingo Baba and Takuro Isoda and Yoshiyuki Kitamura and Noriko Mizoguchi and Go Akamatsu and Masayuki Sasaki and Hiroshi Honda",
year = "2013",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s12149-013-0767-8",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "873--879",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Usefulness of partial volume effect-corrected F-18 FDG PET/CT for predicting I-131 accumulation in the metastatic lymph nodes of patients with thyroid carcinoma

AU - Maruoka, Yasuhiro

AU - Abe, Koichiro

AU - Baba, Shingo

AU - Isoda, Takuro

AU - Kitamura, Yoshiyuki

AU - Mizoguchi, Noriko

AU - Akamatsu, Go

AU - Sasaki, Masayuki

AU - Honda, Hiroshi

PY - 2013/12/1

Y1 - 2013/12/1

N2 - Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical usefulness of partial volume effect (PVE)-corrected F-18 FDG PET/CT for predicting I-131 accumulation in metastatic lymph nodes (mLNs) during I-131 therapy for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Methods: Sixty-five mLNs in 31 PTC patients who underwent F-18 FDG PET/CT in an initial radioiodine therapy (RIT) were retrospectively evaluated. Of these, 25 mLNs were I-131-positive and 40 were I-131-negative. SUVmax and SUVmax with PVE correction (cSUVmax) were measured for each mLN, where PVE correction was performed utilizing a simple table lookup correction method. Then, SUVmax/cSUVmax was compared between I-131-positive and I-131-negative mLNs, including the analyses for the mLNs with small-sized (<1 cm) and weak FDG accumulation (SUVmax <3.5). The predictability for I-131 accumulation with SUVmax/cSUVmax was also compared. Results: For all 65 mLNs, SUVmax/cSUVmax was significantly higher in I-131-negative than I-131-positive mLNs (p < 0.0001). Only in cSUVmax, I-131-negative mLNs were significantly higher than I-131-positive, in terms of the 30 small-sized mLNs (p = 0.0001) and 14 mLNs with weak FDG uptake (p = 0.007). The highest accuracy in predictability for I-131 accumulation was significantly better with cSUVmax (92 %) than SUVmax (62 %) (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: PVE-corrected F-18 FDG PET/CT is a valuable predictor of I-131 accumulation in mLNs during RIT.

AB - Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical usefulness of partial volume effect (PVE)-corrected F-18 FDG PET/CT for predicting I-131 accumulation in metastatic lymph nodes (mLNs) during I-131 therapy for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Methods: Sixty-five mLNs in 31 PTC patients who underwent F-18 FDG PET/CT in an initial radioiodine therapy (RIT) were retrospectively evaluated. Of these, 25 mLNs were I-131-positive and 40 were I-131-negative. SUVmax and SUVmax with PVE correction (cSUVmax) were measured for each mLN, where PVE correction was performed utilizing a simple table lookup correction method. Then, SUVmax/cSUVmax was compared between I-131-positive and I-131-negative mLNs, including the analyses for the mLNs with small-sized (<1 cm) and weak FDG accumulation (SUVmax <3.5). The predictability for I-131 accumulation with SUVmax/cSUVmax was also compared. Results: For all 65 mLNs, SUVmax/cSUVmax was significantly higher in I-131-negative than I-131-positive mLNs (p < 0.0001). Only in cSUVmax, I-131-negative mLNs were significantly higher than I-131-positive, in terms of the 30 small-sized mLNs (p = 0.0001) and 14 mLNs with weak FDG uptake (p = 0.007). The highest accuracy in predictability for I-131 accumulation was significantly better with cSUVmax (92 %) than SUVmax (62 %) (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: PVE-corrected F-18 FDG PET/CT is a valuable predictor of I-131 accumulation in mLNs during RIT.

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U2 - 10.1007/s12149-013-0767-8

DO - 10.1007/s12149-013-0767-8

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JO - Annals of Nuclear Medicine

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