Usefulness of the Continuous-Wave Doppler-Derived Pulmonary Arterial–Right Ventricular Pressure Gradient Just before Atrial Contraction for the Estimation of Pulmonary Arterial Diastolic and Wedge Pressures

Michito Murayama, Taisei Mikami, Sanae Kaga, Kazunori Okada, Takuma Hioka, Nobuo Masauzi, Masahiro Nakabachi, Hisao Nishino, Shinobu Yokoyama, Mutsumi Nishida, Hiroyuki Iwano, Mamoru Sakakibara, Satoshi Yamada, Hiroyuki Tsutsui

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Abstract

In our new echocardiographic method, pulmonary regurgitant velocity immediately before right atrial (RA) contraction is used to estimate pulmonary artery diastolic pressure (PADP) and mean PA wedge pressure (MPAWP). Our aim here was to compare the usefulness of this new method with that of the conventional method, which uses pulmonary regurgitant velocity at end diastole. We studied 55 consecutive patients who underwent echocardiography and right-sided heart catheterization. The pulmonary regurgitant velocities just before RA contraction and at end diastole were measured to obtain echocardiographic estimates of PADP (EPADPpreA and EPADPED, respectively) by adding the pressure gradients to the echocardiographically estimated RA pressure. Compared with EPADPED, EPADPpreA correlated better with PADP (r = 0.87) and MPAWP (r = 0.80), and direct fixed biases were detected for EPADPED but not for EPADPpreA. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve distinguishing patients with MPAWP ≥18 mm Hg was greater for EPADPpreA (0.97) than for E/e′ (0.94) and E/A (0.83). EPADPpreA is thus useful in estimating PADP and MPAWP in patients with heart disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)958-966
Number of pages9
JournalUltrasound in Medicine and Biology
Volume43
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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