The genesis of a 40-cm-thick buried Holocene humic soil horizon in a 6-m-high sequence near Towada volcano, Japan, was examined by dating stable, plant-derived humin particles by AMS-based radiocarbon (14C), and by analyzing stable carbon isotope ratios (δ13C), phytolith composition, and soil chemical properties. The AMS dating yielded calibrated ages ranging from 7570-7679 to 6180-6313calyr BP. We obtained a strong correlation (r=0.99, ***p<0.001) between sample depth and the mean age. The (now buried) humic soil was formed by the incremental accumulation of tephric loess and aeolian dust at a constant rate of ~30mm per century for at least 1200years. Whilst the soil surface was slowly rising, graminaceous vegetation was supplied at a constant rate so that developmental upbuilding pedogenesis ensued. The soil was buried and isolated by the fall of the Towada-Chuseri tephra about 6200calyr BP. Thus the tephra-soil sequence near Towada volcano represents both developmental and retardant upbuilding pedogenesis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Soil Science