Logging damage to residual trees is an important parameter when considering the sustainability of selective logging in tropical natural forests. Here, we applied a proposed tree-based approach to evaluate logging damage in a tropical mixed deciduous forest in Bago Yoma, Myanmar and compared the cases with semi-evergreen forests of Cambodia. The logging damage was assessed in twenty 0.1-ha plots, each of which contained the stump and crown of one felled tree, and multinomial logistic regression was used to quantify the probability of the felled tree causing severe, slight, or no damage to residual trees. In both cases of Myanmar and Cambodia, severe damage was dependent on the size of the residual and felled trees, while slight damage was independent of the size of felled trees. There was no slight damage of residual trees with ≥50 cm diameter at breast height (DBH) in Myanmar, whereas slight damage increased with residual tree size in Cambodia and in tropical rain forests of other countries. This difference could be attributed to the sparseness of standing trees (98 trees ha−1) in our study site in Myanmar, which made it easier to control the felling direction to avoid damage to larger residual trees. Additionally, the probability of increasingly severe damage with increasing DBH of the felled trees was higher in Myanmar than in Cambodia; one of the reasons may be the steeper terrain at the Myanmar site.
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