Using ECAP to achieve grain refinement, precipitate fragmentation and high strain rate superplasticity in a spray-cast aluminum alloy

Cheng Xu, Minoru Furukawa, Zenji Horita, Terence G. Langdon

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219 Citations (Scopus)


An aluminum 7034 alloy, produced by spray casting and with an initial grain size of ∼2.1 μm, was processed by equal-channel angular pressing (ECAP) at 473 K to produce an ultrafine grain size of ∼0.3 μm. It is shown that the rod-like MgZn2 precipitates present in the as-received alloy are broken into very small spherical particles during ECAP and these particles become distributed reasonably uniformly throughout the material. The presence of these fine MgZn2 particles, combined with a distribution of fine Al3Zr precipitates, is very effective in restricting grain growth so that submicrometer grains are retained at elevated temperatures up to at least ∼670 K. Tensile testing of the pressed material revealed high elongations to failure, including elongations of >1000% when testing at a temperature of 673 K at initial strain rates at and above 10 -2 s-1. These results confirm the occurrence of high strain rate superplasticity in the spray-cast alloy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6139-6149
Number of pages11
JournalActa Materialia
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - Dec 8 2003


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

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