Ultrafine grain sizes may be introduced into bulk samples by using the intense plastic straining technique equal-channel angular pressing. This article describes the principles of equal-channel angular pressing and demonstrates the application of this procedure to attain ultrafine grain sizes in an Al-3Mg solid-solution alloy and a commercial cast Al-Mg-Li-Zr alloy. Provided there is stability of these ultrafine grains at elevated temperatures, as in the Al-Mg-Li-Zr alloy, equal-channel angular pressing may be used as a processing tool to achieve high-strain-rate superplasticity in materials that are not potentially superplastic. These results have important implications for reducing the long production times that are associated with the fabrication of complex parts using superplastic forming.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)