USP42 enhances homologous recombination repair by promoting R-loop resolution with a DNA–RNA helicase DHX9

Misaki Matsui, Ryo Sakasai, Masako Abe, Yusuke Kimura, Shoki Kajita, Wakana Torii, Yoko Katsuki, Masamichi Ishiai, Kuniyoshi Iwabuchi, Minoru Takata, Ryotaro Nishi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The nucleus of mammalian cells is compartmentalized by nuclear bodies such as nuclear speckles, however, involvement of nuclear bodies, especially nuclear speckles, in DNA repair has not been actively investigated. Here, our focused screen for nuclear speckle factors involved in homologous recombination (HR), which is a faithful DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair mechanism, identified transcription-related nuclear speckle factors as potential HR regulators. Among the top hits, we provide evidence showing that USP42, which is a hitherto unidentified nuclear speckles protein, promotes HR by facilitating BRCA1 recruitment to DSB sites and DNA-end resection. We further showed that USP42 localization to nuclear speckles is required for efficient HR. Furthermore, we established that USP42 interacts with DHX9, which possesses DNA–RNA helicase activity, and is required for efficient resolution of DSB-induced R-loop. In conclusion, our data propose a model in which USP42 facilitates BRCA1 loading to DSB sites, resolution of DSB-induced R-loop and preferential DSB repair by HR, indicating the importance of nuclear speckle-mediated regulation of DSB repair.

Original languageEnglish
Article number60
JournalOncogenesis
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research

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