This work proposes a new theory to reduce the phase noise of K-band Voltage-Controlled Oscillators (VCOs) in Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) process by introducing one or more transmission poles around the parallel resonance of an LC-tank circuit. Introduction of transmission poles beside the parallel resonance of the LC-tank circuit sharpens the skirt characteristics of the Scattering (S) parameters of the resonators. In return, sharp S-parameters slope enhances the resonator loaded quality (Q) factor without compromising the unloaded Q-factor. In addition, the transmission pole can be realized near the second harmonic of the oscillation. This allocation of the transmission pole leads to the cancellation of this second harmonic and a further reduction of the phase noise. The proposed theory is verified by three different designs based on defected ground structure (DGS) resonators. These designs realized a low-band transmission pole before the parallel resonance, a high-band transmission pole after the parallel resonance, and dual-band transmission poles around the parallel resonance. First, each design is verified and compared to the others using circuit and electromagnetic simulations to establish the Q-factor improvement. Then, each of the resonators is utilized in a differential VCO topology and the phase noise reduction in post-layout simulations is confirmed. Finally, two chips are fabricated in 0.18-μ m CMOS technology and measured. The measurement results are in good agreement with the simulations, which confirm our claim about the proposed theory.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2020|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering