Variation of lipids and fatty acids of the japanese freshwater eel, anguilla japonica, during spawning migration

Hiroaki Saito, Hiroaki Kurogi, Seinen Chow, Noritaka Mochioka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The lipid and fatty acid composition of the muscle of the wild Japanese freshwater eel, Anguilla japonica, was analyzed between the initial and terminal stages of spawning migration to clarify the relationship between lipid physiology and maturation. Triacylglycerols were the only major component in the initial-phase eels, which contained high levels of lipids, while comparatively low triacylglycerol levels were observed in terminal-phase eels (Mariana silvers) at spawning area. Significant levels of plasmalogens were found in its phosphatidylethanolamine, different from other common fish species, which have their little levels. The major fatty acids in A. japonica depot triacylglycerols were 14:0, 16:0, 18:0, 16:1n-7, 18:1n- 7, 18:1n-9, and 18:2n-6. Noticeable levels of 20:4n-6, EPA, 22:5n-3, and DHA were also found in initialphase sample TAG at the yellow and initial silver stages. High 18:2n-6 levels in all A. japonica lipids were similar to those in other common freshwater fishes. In all A. japonica tissue phospholipids, high levels of n-6 and n-3 PUFA, such as 20:4n-6, EPA, 22:5n-3, and DHA, were observed except for the matured terminal female sample. High n-6 PUFA levels in terminal-phase samples caught at the spawning area suggest that A. japonica maintains and uses initial fatty acids from inland waters without feeding during long spawning migrations. The post-spawning sample, containing low levels of 20:4n-6 and DHA with unusually high levels of its degradation products (18:3n-6, 20:2n-6, and 18:4n-3), indicates that A. japonica may finally use its most important PUFA as energy for spawning before ending its life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)603-616
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of oleo science
Volume64
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 20 2015

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Fatty acids
Lipids
Fatty Acids
Triglycerides
Silver
Fish
Plasmalogens
Phospholipids
Physiology
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Muscle
Tissue
Degradation
Water
Chemical analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Variation of lipids and fatty acids of the japanese freshwater eel, anguilla japonica, during spawning migration. / Saito, Hiroaki; Kurogi, Hiroaki; Chow, Seinen; Mochioka, Noritaka.

In: Journal of oleo science, Vol. 64, No. 6, 20.04.2015, p. 603-616.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The lipid and fatty acid composition of the muscle of the wild Japanese freshwater eel, Anguilla japonica, was analyzed between the initial and terminal stages of spawning migration to clarify the relationship between lipid physiology and maturation. Triacylglycerols were the only major component in the initial-phase eels, which contained high levels of lipids, while comparatively low triacylglycerol levels were observed in terminal-phase eels (Mariana silvers) at spawning area. Significant levels of plasmalogens were found in its phosphatidylethanolamine, different from other common fish species, which have their little levels. The major fatty acids in A. japonica depot triacylglycerols were 14:0, 16:0, 18:0, 16:1n-7, 18:1n- 7, 18:1n-9, and 18:2n-6. Noticeable levels of 20:4n-6, EPA, 22:5n-3, and DHA were also found in initialphase sample TAG at the yellow and initial silver stages. High 18:2n-6 levels in all A. japonica lipids were similar to those in other common freshwater fishes. In all A. japonica tissue phospholipids, high levels of n-6 and n-3 PUFA, such as 20:4n-6, EPA, 22:5n-3, and DHA, were observed except for the matured terminal female sample. High n-6 PUFA levels in terminal-phase samples caught at the spawning area suggest that A. japonica maintains and uses initial fatty acids from inland waters without feeding during long spawning migrations. The post-spawning sample, containing low levels of 20:4n-6 and DHA with unusually high levels of its degradation products (18:3n-6, 20:2n-6, and 18:4n-3), indicates that A. japonica may finally use its most important PUFA as energy for spawning before ending its life.",
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