Variation of meso- and macroporous morphologies in resorcinol–formaldehyde (RF) gels tailored via a sol–gel process combined with soft-templating and phase separation

George Hasegawa, Takaya Yano, Hirofumi Akamatsu, Katsuro Hayashi, Kazuki Nakanishi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    A wide-range control over multimodal pore systems in porous monoliths is a key technology for developing functional materials, as the favorable pore structures in different length scales are required to be tailored depending on their application fields. In the alkoxy-derived sol–gel systems of silica and organosilicates, the synthetic methodology of meso- and macroporous monoliths with tunable pore properties has been developed by combining the supramolecular self-assembly of a Pluronic surfactant and polymerization-induced phase-separation techniques. This strategy has been applied to the sol–gel process of phenolic resins, giving rise to the hierarchically porous polymer gels with ordered mesoporosity and the corresponding carbon monoliths after carbonization. However, the controllable size range has been limited so far. This study has explored the relationship between the starting composition and the bimodal pore properties in further detail aiming at a better control of pore properties in phenolic resins. The enlargement of mesopore size has been achieved, yet associated with broadening the mesopore size distribution and coarsening the macropore morphology, resulting in the particle aggregates. The systematical investigation also reveals that the addition of KCl can improve the micelle arrangement in macroframework and provide the narrower mesopore size distribution. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)801-812
    Number of pages12
    JournalJournal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology
    Volume95
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2020

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • Ceramics and Composites
    • Chemistry(all)
    • Biomaterials
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Materials Chemistry

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