Vascular changes in hepatocellular carcinoma: Correlation of radiologic and pathologic findings

Hiroshi Honda, Tsuyoshi Tajima, Kiyoshi Kajiyama, Toshiro Kuroiwa, Kengo Yoshimitsu, Hiroyuki Irie, Hitoshi Aibe, Mitsuo Shimada, Kouji Masuda

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    64 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVE. Our objective was to analyze the hemodynamic properties and vascular supply changes in the carcinogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Ten nodules (nine patients) (one early, three early- advanced, and six advanced cases of hepatocellular carcinoma) less than 3 cm in diameter were selected from 45 patients (50 nodules) who underwent CT arteriography and CT during arterial portography. These images were correlated with histopathologic findings. Ratios of all microscopically counted (normal hepatic and abnormal) arteries, normal hepatic arteries, and portal veins in each nodule to those in the surrounding liver were calculated. RESULTS. Early hepatocellular carcinoma (one early case and early areas in three early-advanced cases) had low attenuation on CT arteriography and isoattenuation on CT during arterial portography. Advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (six advanced cases and advanced areas in three early-advanced cases) had high attenuation on CT arteriography and low attenuation on CT during arterial portography. In early hepatocellular carcinoma, the ratios of all arteries, normal hepatic arteries, and portal veins were 1.21 ± 0.07, 0.60 ± 0.07, and 0.73 ± 0.06, respectively. In advanced hepatocellular carcinoma, the ratios were 2.66 ± 0.26, 0.08 ± 0.04, and 0.07 ± 0.03, respectively. CONCLUSION. In early hepatocellular carcinoma, the combination of normal hepatic artery degeneration and preserved portal veins results in low attenuation on CT arteriography and isoattenuation on CT during arterial portography. In advanced hepatocellular carcinoma, the combination of neoplastic (abnormal) arterial development by angiogenesis and obliteration of portal veins results in high attenuation on CT arteriography and low attenuation on CT during arterial portography. These findings are a characteristic difference between early and advanced hepatocellular carcinoma.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1213-1217
    Number of pages5
    JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
    Volume173
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 1999

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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