Aim: Tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is one of the major inflammatory cytokines involved in the pathogenesis of various vitreoretinal diseases. The authors investigated the effect of hypoxia, TNF-α and dexamethasone on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression by cultured hyalocytes. Methods: Hyalocytes were isolated from bovine vitreous. Hypoxie and TNF-α-dependent effects on cultured hyalocytes were investigated using several assays to determine VEGF protein expression, hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α protein levels, HIF-1α-DNA-binding ability and VEGF mRNA stability. The effects of dexamethasone on VEGF expression and its intracellular signalling under hypoxic or TNF-α stimulated conditions were also examined. Results: Hypoxic conditions and TNF-α stimulation induce VEGF expression in hyalocytes. These stimuli also stabilise HIF-1α protein and increase its DNA-binding ability. Dexamethasone significantly inhibits both HIF-1α protein levels and HIF-1α-DNA-binding activity, and also decreases the hypoxic- and TNF-α -dependent induction of VEGF expression in hyalocyte. However, dexamethasone has no significant effect on the stability of VEGF mRNA. Conclusions: Hyalocytes may be involved in various vitreoretinal diseases by increasing HIF-1α protein stability and HIF-1α-DNA binding, and thus increasing VEGF production under pathological conditions. Dexamethasone seems to be capable of inhibiting hypoxic and TNF-α dependent VEGF production, presumably via its inhibitory effects on HIF-1α protein levels and its DNA-binding activity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience