Aortic root replacement (Bentall operation) is the standard operation for patients who have lesions of the ascending aorta associated with aortic valve disease. We analyzed the mid-term results for left ventricular energetics after the Bentall operation for annuloaortic ectasia with aortic regurgitation. We measured left ventricular contractility (end-systolic elastance; Ees), afterload (effective arterial elastance; Ea), and efficiency (ventriculoarterial coupling; Ea/ Ees, and the ratio of stroke work and pressure-volume area; SW/PVA) based on transthoracic echocardiography data before, after, and approximately 1 year after the Bentall operation in 15 patients with annuloaortic ectasia with aortic regurgitation. Left ventricular volume was calculated by the Teichholz M-mode method. Ees and Ea were approximated as follows: Ees = mean blood pressure/minimal left ventricular volume, and Ea = systolic blood pressure/(maximal left ventricular volume - minimal left ventricular volume). Ea/Ees and SW/PVA were then calculated. Left ventricular volume was normalized with body surface area. Ees increased after the Bentall operation and around 1 year later (from 2.17 ± 1.09 to 3.92 ± 2.26 and 5.33 ± 1.90 mmHg·m2/ml, P < 0.001), thus resulting in an improvement in SW/PVA (from 68.8 ± 8.2 to 70.9 ± 9.5 and 74.7 ± 5.2%, P = 0.045). Ea also increased after the Bentall operation and 1 year later (from 1.77 ± 0.61 to 2.88 ± 1.28 and 3.54 ± 1.43 mmHg·m2/ml, P < 0.001). The mid-term results for ventricular contractility and efficiency after the Bentall operation for annuloaortic ectasia with aortic regurgitation are excellent and satisfactory.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine