Vertebral Strength Changes as Assessed by Finite Element Analysis

Taro Mawatari, Satoshi Ikemura, Yukihide Iwamoto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Currently available surrogate markers of osteoporosis including areal bone mineral density (aBMD) measured by dual energy absorptiometry (DXA), bone turnover markers (BTMs), and fracture risk assessment tool (FRAX®) are limited for the use as targets, because those values are not directly reflecting bone strength. Because directly measuring the strength of any bone in a living human subject is not feasible, the combination of finite element analysis (FEA) and clinical computed tomography (CT) is an alternative and powerful technique for noninvasive assessment of whole bone strength. While there are several limitations including the radiation exposure, FEA has the potential to improve clinical assessment of osteoporosis. In this chapter, methodology and recent advances of FEA in this field including treatment efficacy assessment and fracture risk assessment are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSkeletal Adaptation to Mechanical Strain
Subtitle of host publicationA Key Role in Osteoporosis
PublisherSpringer Japan
Pages81-99
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9784431557784
ISBN (Print)9784431557777
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Mawatari, T., Ikemura, S., & Iwamoto, Y. (2015). Vertebral Strength Changes as Assessed by Finite Element Analysis. In Skeletal Adaptation to Mechanical Strain: A Key Role in Osteoporosis (pp. 81-99). Springer Japan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-55778-4_5