Vessel-selective 4D-MR angiography using super-selective pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling may be a useful tool for assessing brain AVM hemodynamics

Osamu Togao, Makoto Obara, Michael Helle, Koji Yamashita, Kazufumi Kikuchi, Daichi Momosaka, Yoshitomo Kikuchi, Ataru Nishimura, Koichi Arimura, Tatsuhiro Wada, Hiroo Murazaki, Koji Iihara, Marc Van Cauteren, Akio Hiwatashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the usefulness of 4D-MR angiography based on super-selective pseudo-continuous ASL combined with keyhole and view-sharing (4D-S-PACK) for vessel-selective visualization and to examine the ability of this technique to visualize brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Methods: In this retrospective study, 15 patients (ten men and five women, mean age 44.0 ± 16.9 years) with brain AVMs were enrolled. All patients were imaged with 4D-PACK (non-selective), 4D-S-PACK, and digital subtraction angiography (DSA). Observers evaluated vessel selectivity, identification of feeding arteries and venous drainage patterns, visualization scores, and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) for each AVM component. Measurements were compared between the MR methods. Results: Vessel selectivity was graded 4 in 43/45 (95.6%, observer 1) and 42/45 (93.3%, observer 2) territories and graded 3 in two (observer 1) and three (observer 2) territories. The sensitivity and specificity for identification of feeding arteries for both observers was 88.9% and 100% on 4D-PACK, and 100% and 100% on 4D-S-PACK, respectively. For venous drainage, the sensitivity and specificity was 100% on both methods for observer 1. The sensitivity and specificity for observer 2 was 94.4% and 83.3% on 4D-PACK, and 94.4% and 91.7% on 4D-S-PACK, respectively. The CNRs at the timepoint of 1600 ms were slightly lower in 4D-S-PACK than in 4D-PACK for all AVM components (Feeding artery, p =.02; nidus, p =.001; and draining artery, p =.02). The visualization scores for both observers were not significantly different between 4D-PACK and 4D-S-PACK for all components. Conclusions: 4D-S-PACK could be a useful non-invasive clinical tool for assessing hemodynamics in brain AVMs. Key Points: • The 4D-MR angiography based on super-selective pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling combined with CENTRA-keyhole and view-sharing (4D-S-PACK) enabled excellent vessel selectivity. • The 4D-S-PACK enabled the perfect identification of feeding arteries of brain arteriovenous malformation (AVM). • 4D-S-PACK could be a non-invasive clinical tool for assessing hemodynamics in brain AVMs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6452-6463
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Radiology
Volume30
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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