Background: Recent advances have allowed the performance of parathyroidectomy as an endoscopic procedure. Carbon dioxide (CO2) insufflation can be used to create a working space in the anterior neck, but it has been associated with a number of complications. We have devised a skin-lifting method to overcome these problems. Methods: Eleven consecutive patients underwent video-assisted parathyroidectomy. Preoperative imaging revealed a solitary adenoma in all 11 cases. A 3-cm oblique incision was made below the clavicle, and a 5-mm incision was made on the lateral neck. After the skin was lifted, video-assisted parathyroidectomy was performed. Results: Surgery required 186±50 min. No conversions to conventional cervicotomy were needed. Levels of serum calcium and intact parathormone decreased significantly in all patients on postoperative day 1. Laryngeal recurrent nerve paresis and seroma were noted in one patient each. Conclusions: Our procedure eliminates any potential CO2 problems and offers the advantages of direct manipulation and improved cosmesis. Endoscopic parathyroidectomy should be considered a viable option for the surgical treatment of a solitary adenoma.
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