Viscosities of CaO-SiO2-Al2O3-(R 2O or RO) melts

Souhei Sukenaga, Noritaka Saito, Kiyoshi Kawakami, Kunihiko Nakashima

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Abstract

The effect of adding R2O (R=Li, Na and K) or RO (R=Ba, Mg) on the viscosities of CaO-SiO2-Al2O3 (CaO/SiO 2=0.67, 1.00 or 1.22, Al2O3=20 mass%) melts has been measured by rotating crucible viscometer. In addition, structural characterizations of these quenched vitreous samples have been investigated by 27Al and 29Si MAS-NMR spectra. The viscosities of CaO-SiO2-Al2O3-R2O quaternary melts decreased with increasing the additive content of Li2O or Na 2O. However, the viscosity of the melts increased with increasing the additive content of K2O. In the case of CaO-SiO2-Al 2O3-RO quaternary melts, the viscosities of the melts with CaO/SiO2=0.67 decreased with increasing the additive content of BaO or MgO, however, the viscosities of the melts with CaO/SiO2=1.00 and 1.22 increased with increasing the additive content of BaO. In the case of CaO-SiO2-Al2O3-R2O, the analysis of 27Al MAS-NMR spectra and 29Si MAS-NMR spectra indicated that the degree of polymerization of silicate anions in the glasses decreased with the addition of Li2O or Na2O, and that the degree of polymerization of aluminosilicate anions in the glasses increased with the addition of K2O. It was estimated from the results that the increase in viscosities of CaO-SiO2-Al2O3-K2O melts was dependent on increase of aluminosilicate anions in the melts with the addition of K2O. In the case of CaO-SiO2-Al 2O3-RO, the analysis of 27Al MAS-NMR spectra and 29Si MAS-NMR spectra indicated that the degree of polymerization of silicate and aluminosilicate anions in the glasses decreased with the addition of MgO. The degree of polymerization of aluminosilicate anions in the glasses increased with the addition BaO. It was estimated from the results that the increase in viscosities of CaO-SiO2-Al2O3-BaO melts was dependent on increase of aluminosilicate anions in the melts with the addition of BaO.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)352-358
Number of pages7
Journalisij international
Volume46
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 23 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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