Viscosity and surface tension measurements of RE2O 3-MgO-SiO2 (RE=Y, Gd, Nd and La) melts

Fumiyuki Shimizu, Hirofumi Tokunaga, Noritaka Saito, Kunihiko Nakashima

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37 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of RE2O3 (RE=Y, Gd, Nd and La) on the viscosity and the surface tension of 45.2MgO-54.8SiO2 (mol%) melts have been investigated with rotating crucible viscometer and ring method, respectively. Additionally, structural characterizations of these quenched vitreous samples have been investigated with Infra-Red spectrometer. The viscosities of RE2O3-MgO-SiO2 melts were found to decrease with increasing the content of any rare-earth additions, which suggests that rare-earth oxide behaves as a network modifier of complex silicate anions in high temperature melts. The viscosities decreased in the order of cationic radius of rare-earth; from Y2O3, Gd 2O3, Nd2O3 to La2O 3. The surface tension of MgO-SiO2 binary melts were found to increase with increasing the content of any rare-earth additions. The surface tensions obviously increased in the order of cationic radius of rare-earth, which the change of with rare-earth addition is direct antithesis of that of viscosities. The decrease of the absorption band of RE 2O3-MgO-SiO2 glasses at 1 060 cm-1 (Si4nO9n2n-) with the attendant increase of the absorption band at 930 cm-1 (Si2O7 6-). These variations with rare-earth oxides content means that the degree of polymerization of complex silicate anions become smaller with rare-earth oxide additions. The viscosity of rare-earth containing silicate melts linearly increases with cationic field strength of RE3+. The surface tension of rare-earth containing silicate melts linearly decreases with cationic field strength, except Y2O3 additives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)388-393
Number of pages6
Journalisij international
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 23 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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