Viscosity of RE-Mg-Si-O-N(RE = Y, Gd, Nd and La) melts

Sohei Sukenaga, Daiji Nakata, Tomoyasu Ichiki, Noritaka Saito, Kunihiko Nakashima

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    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Viscosities of the molten RE-Mg-Si-O-N(RE = Y, Gd, Nd and La) glasses have been measured using a newly-developed rotational viscometer with gas tight furnace. Effects of nitrogen and rare-earth additives on the viscosities of RE-Mg-Si-O-N melts have been investigated systematically at elevated temperature (∼1873 K). The viscosities of molten RE-Mg-Si-O-N glasses exponentially increased with nitrogen content, which indicates that the substitution of nitrogen for oxygen in the melts may lead to a high average coordination of nonmetal atoms, and that the increase of cross-linking produces a more rigid network structure. The viscosities of RE-Mg-Si-O-N melts were found to decrease in the order of cationic radius of rare-earth elements, which suggests that larger rare-earth elements behave as a stronger network modifier of complex silicate or silicon-oxynitride anions in elevated temperature melts. Additionally, the viscosity of the smaller rare earth containing oxynitride melt indicated more sensitive increase with nitrogen content.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1050-1056
    Number of pages7
    JournalNippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals
    Volume71
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2007

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Metals and Alloys
    • Materials Chemistry

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