Nanoparticle therapeutics are promising platforms for cancer therapy. However, it remains a formidable challenge to assess their distribution and clinical efficacy for therapeutic applications. Here, by using multifunctional polymeric micellar nanocarriers incorporating clinically approved gadolinium (Gd) - based magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents and platinum (Pt) anticancer drugs through reversible metal chelation of Pt, simultaneous imaging and therapy of an orthotopic animal model of intractable human pancreatic tumor was successfully performed without any serious toxicity. The strong tumor contrast enhancement achieved by the micelles correlated with the 24 times increase of r1 of the Gd chelates, the highest for the formulations using clinically approved Gd chelates reported to date. From the microsynchrotron radiation X-ray fluorescence spectrometry scanning of the lesions, we confirmed that both the Gd chelates and Pt drugs delivered by the micelles selectively colocalized in the tumor interior. Our study provides new insights for the design of theranostic micelles with high contrast enhancement and site-specific clinical potential.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research