Methods with which to simply and rapidly assay l-aspartate (l-Asp) and d-aspartate (d-Asp) would be highly useful for physiological research and for nutritional and clinical analyses. Levels of l- and d-Asp in food and cell extracts are currently determined using high-performance liquid chromatography. However, this method is time-consuming and expensive. Here we describe a simple and specific method for using an l-aspartate dehydrogenase (l-AspDH) system to colorimetrically assay l-Asp and a system of three hyperthermophilic enzymes - aspartate racemase (AspR), l-AspDH, and l-aspartate oxidase (l-AO) - to assay d-Asp. In the former, the reaction rate of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+)-dependent l-AspDH was measured based on increases in the absorbance at 438 nm, reflecting formation of formazan from water-soluble tetrazolium-1 (WST-1), using 1-methoxy-5-methylphenazinum methyl sulfate (mPMS) as a redox mediator. In the latter, d-Asp was measured after first removing l-Asp in the sample solution with l-AO. The remaining d-Asp was then changed to l-Asp using racemase, and the newly formed l-Asp was assayed calorimetrically using NAD+-dependent aspartate dehydrogenase as described above. This method enables simple and rapid spectrophotometric determination of 1 to 100 μM l- and d-Asp in the assay systems. In addition, methods were applicable to the l- and d-Asp determinations in some living cells and foods.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology