Visualization of Endoplasmic Reticulum and Mitochondria in Aurantiochytrium limacinum by the Expression of EGFP with Cell Organelle-Specific Targeting/Retaining Signals

Nozomu Okino, Hiroyoshi Wakisaka, Yohei Ishibashi, Makoto Ito

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thraustochytrids are single cell marine eukaryotes that produce large amounts of polyunsaturated fatty acids such as docosahexaenoic acid. In the present study, we report the visualization of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and mitochondria in a type strain of the thraustochytrid, Aurantiochytrium limacinum ATCC MYA-1381, using the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) with specific targeting/retaining signals. We expressed the egfp gene with ER targeting/retaining signals from A. limacinum calreticulin or BiP/GRP78 in the thraustochytrid, resulting in the distribution of EGFP signals at the perinuclear region and near lipid droplets. ER-Tracker™ Red, an authentic fluorescent probe for the visualization of ER in mammalian cells, also stained the same region. We observed small lipid droplets generated from the visualized ER in the early growth phase of cell culture. Expression of the egfp gene with the mitochondria targeting signal from A. limacinum cytochrome c oxidase resulted in the localization of EGFP near the plasma membrane. The distribution of EGFP signals coincided with that of MitoTracker® Red CMXRos, which is used to visualize mitochondria in eukaryotes. The ER and mitochondria of A. limacinum were visualized for the first time by EGFP with thraustochytrid cell organelle-specific targeting/retaining signals. These results will contribute to classification of the intracellular localization of proteins expressed in ER and mitochondria as well as analyses of these cell organelles in thraustochytrids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182-192
Number of pages11
JournalMarine Biotechnology
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2018

Fingerprint

cell organelle
mitochondrion
green fluorescent protein
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Organelles
endoplasmic reticulum
targeting
organelles
visualization
Mitochondria
mitochondria
protein
eukaryote
cells
droplet
Eukaryota
droplets
lipid
eukaryotic cells
calreticulin

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Aquatic Science

Cite this

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title = "Visualization of Endoplasmic Reticulum and Mitochondria in Aurantiochytrium limacinum by the Expression of EGFP with Cell Organelle-Specific Targeting/Retaining Signals",
abstract = "Thraustochytrids are single cell marine eukaryotes that produce large amounts of polyunsaturated fatty acids such as docosahexaenoic acid. In the present study, we report the visualization of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and mitochondria in a type strain of the thraustochytrid, Aurantiochytrium limacinum ATCC MYA-1381, using the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) with specific targeting/retaining signals. We expressed the egfp gene with ER targeting/retaining signals from A. limacinum calreticulin or BiP/GRP78 in the thraustochytrid, resulting in the distribution of EGFP signals at the perinuclear region and near lipid droplets. ER-Tracker™ Red, an authentic fluorescent probe for the visualization of ER in mammalian cells, also stained the same region. We observed small lipid droplets generated from the visualized ER in the early growth phase of cell culture. Expression of the egfp gene with the mitochondria targeting signal from A. limacinum cytochrome c oxidase resulted in the localization of EGFP near the plasma membrane. The distribution of EGFP signals coincided with that of MitoTracker{\circledR} Red CMXRos, which is used to visualize mitochondria in eukaryotes. The ER and mitochondria of A. limacinum were visualized for the first time by EGFP with thraustochytrid cell organelle-specific targeting/retaining signals. These results will contribute to classification of the intracellular localization of proteins expressed in ER and mitochondria as well as analyses of these cell organelles in thraustochytrids.",
author = "Nozomu Okino and Hiroyoshi Wakisaka and Yohei Ishibashi and Makoto Ito",
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T1 - Visualization of Endoplasmic Reticulum and Mitochondria in Aurantiochytrium limacinum by the Expression of EGFP with Cell Organelle-Specific Targeting/Retaining Signals

AU - Okino, Nozomu

AU - Wakisaka, Hiroyoshi

AU - Ishibashi, Yohei

AU - Ito, Makoto

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N2 - Thraustochytrids are single cell marine eukaryotes that produce large amounts of polyunsaturated fatty acids such as docosahexaenoic acid. In the present study, we report the visualization of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and mitochondria in a type strain of the thraustochytrid, Aurantiochytrium limacinum ATCC MYA-1381, using the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) with specific targeting/retaining signals. We expressed the egfp gene with ER targeting/retaining signals from A. limacinum calreticulin or BiP/GRP78 in the thraustochytrid, resulting in the distribution of EGFP signals at the perinuclear region and near lipid droplets. ER-Tracker™ Red, an authentic fluorescent probe for the visualization of ER in mammalian cells, also stained the same region. We observed small lipid droplets generated from the visualized ER in the early growth phase of cell culture. Expression of the egfp gene with the mitochondria targeting signal from A. limacinum cytochrome c oxidase resulted in the localization of EGFP near the plasma membrane. The distribution of EGFP signals coincided with that of MitoTracker® Red CMXRos, which is used to visualize mitochondria in eukaryotes. The ER and mitochondria of A. limacinum were visualized for the first time by EGFP with thraustochytrid cell organelle-specific targeting/retaining signals. These results will contribute to classification of the intracellular localization of proteins expressed in ER and mitochondria as well as analyses of these cell organelles in thraustochytrids.

AB - Thraustochytrids are single cell marine eukaryotes that produce large amounts of polyunsaturated fatty acids such as docosahexaenoic acid. In the present study, we report the visualization of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and mitochondria in a type strain of the thraustochytrid, Aurantiochytrium limacinum ATCC MYA-1381, using the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) with specific targeting/retaining signals. We expressed the egfp gene with ER targeting/retaining signals from A. limacinum calreticulin or BiP/GRP78 in the thraustochytrid, resulting in the distribution of EGFP signals at the perinuclear region and near lipid droplets. ER-Tracker™ Red, an authentic fluorescent probe for the visualization of ER in mammalian cells, also stained the same region. We observed small lipid droplets generated from the visualized ER in the early growth phase of cell culture. Expression of the egfp gene with the mitochondria targeting signal from A. limacinum cytochrome c oxidase resulted in the localization of EGFP near the plasma membrane. The distribution of EGFP signals coincided with that of MitoTracker® Red CMXRos, which is used to visualize mitochondria in eukaryotes. The ER and mitochondria of A. limacinum were visualized for the first time by EGFP with thraustochytrid cell organelle-specific targeting/retaining signals. These results will contribute to classification of the intracellular localization of proteins expressed in ER and mitochondria as well as analyses of these cell organelles in thraustochytrids.

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