Visualization of Grain Structure and Boundaries of Polycrystalline Graphene and Two-Dimensional Materials by Epitaxial Growth of Transition Metal Dichalcogenides

Hiroki Ago, Satoru Fukamachi, Hiroko Endo, Pablo Solís-Fernández, Rozan Mohamad Yunus, Yuki Uchida, Vishal Panchal, Olga Kazakova, Masaharu Tsuji

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    40 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The presence of grain boundaries in two-dimensional (2D) materials is known to greatly affect their physical, electrical, and chemical properties. Given the difficulty in growing perfect large single-crystals of 2D materials, revealing the presence and characteristics of grain boundaries becomes an important issue for practical applications. Here, we present a method to visualize the grain structure and boundaries of 2D materials by epitaxially growing transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) over them. Triangular single-crystals of molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) epitaxially grown on the surface of graphene allowed us to determine the orientation and size of the graphene grains. Grain boundaries in the polycrystalline graphene were also visualized reflecting their higher chemical reactivity than the basal plane. The method was successfully applied to graphene field-effect transistors, revealing the actual grain structures of the graphene channels. Moreover, we demonstrate that this method can be extended to determine the grain structure of other 2D materials, such as tungsten disulfide (WS2). Our visualization method based on van der Waals epitaxy can offer a facile and large-scale labeling technique to investigate the grain structures of various 2D materials, and it will also contribute to understand the relationship between their grain structure and physical properties.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3233-3240
    Number of pages8
    JournalACS Nano
    Volume10
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 22 2016

    Fingerprint

    Graphite
    Crystal microstructure
    Epitaxial growth
    Graphene
    Transition metals
    graphene
    Grain boundaries
    Visualization
    transition metals
    grain boundaries
    Physical properties
    Single crystals
    physical properties
    Chemical reactivity
    Tungsten
    molybdenum disulfides
    Field effect transistors
    Crystal orientation
    Disulfides
    single crystals

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Materials Science(all)
    • Engineering(all)
    • Physics and Astronomy(all)

    Cite this

    Visualization of Grain Structure and Boundaries of Polycrystalline Graphene and Two-Dimensional Materials by Epitaxial Growth of Transition Metal Dichalcogenides. / Ago, Hiroki; Fukamachi, Satoru; Endo, Hiroko; Solís-Fernández, Pablo; Mohamad Yunus, Rozan; Uchida, Yuki; Panchal, Vishal; Kazakova, Olga; Tsuji, Masaharu.

    In: ACS Nano, Vol. 10, No. 3, 22.03.2016, p. 3233-3240.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Ago, H, Fukamachi, S, Endo, H, Solís-Fernández, P, Mohamad Yunus, R, Uchida, Y, Panchal, V, Kazakova, O & Tsuji, M 2016, 'Visualization of Grain Structure and Boundaries of Polycrystalline Graphene and Two-Dimensional Materials by Epitaxial Growth of Transition Metal Dichalcogenides', ACS Nano, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 3233-3240. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.5b05879
    Ago, Hiroki ; Fukamachi, Satoru ; Endo, Hiroko ; Solís-Fernández, Pablo ; Mohamad Yunus, Rozan ; Uchida, Yuki ; Panchal, Vishal ; Kazakova, Olga ; Tsuji, Masaharu. / Visualization of Grain Structure and Boundaries of Polycrystalline Graphene and Two-Dimensional Materials by Epitaxial Growth of Transition Metal Dichalcogenides. In: ACS Nano. 2016 ; Vol. 10, No. 3. pp. 3233-3240.
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