Visualizing energy charge in breast carcinoma tissues by MALDI mass-spectrometry imaging profiles of low-molecular-weight metabolites

Nobuhiro Torata, Makoto Kubo, Daisuke Miura, Kenoki Ohuchida, Yusuke Mizuuchi, Yoshinori Fujimura, Eisuke Hayakawa, Masaya Kai, Yoshinao Oda, Kazuhiro Mizumoto, Makoto Hashizume, Masafumi Nakamura

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Background/Aim: Metabolomics is widely used for biomarker discovery, but conventional mass-spectrometry extraction procedures lose the spatial localization of metabolites. In this study, we directly analyzed breast carcinoma tissues embedded in frozen tissue microarrays (fTMAs) using MALDI mass-spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI). Materials and Methods: A total of 119 breast tissues (84 carcinoma and 35 normal) were used. MSI data were extracted from each tissue. Results: Overall, 185 of 1,915 peaks which were commonly detected in 60% of target areas were subjected to further analysis. One hundred and fifty-two peaks of carcinoma showed significantly higher intensity than normal. Comparing metabolite profiles from carcinoma and normal tissues, energy charge (EC) and the sum of adenosine phosphate compound (AXP) indicated significantly higher intensities in cancerous tissues than normal. But comparisons of EC and AXP among lymph node metastasis, tumor size and tumor subtypes indicated no significant differences. Conclusion: Breast carcinoma tissues had higher EC and AXP values than normal. MALDI-MSI could be a tool for characterizing breast carcinoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4267-4272
Number of pages6
JournalAnticancer research
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2018


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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