A voice production model is created in this work by considering essential aerodynamic and acoustic phenomena in human voice production. A precise flow analysis is performed based on a boundary-layer approximation and the viscous-inviscid interaction between the boundary layer and the core flow. This flow analysis can supply information on the separation point of the glottal flow and the thickness of the boundary layer, both of which strongly depend on the glottal configuration and yield an effective prediction of the flow behavior. When the flow analysis is combined with the modified two-mass model of the vocal fold Pelorson (1994). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 96, 3416-3431, the resulting acoustic wave travels through the vocal tract and a pressure change develops in the vicinity of the glottis. This change can affect the glottal flow and the motion of the vocal folds, causing source-filter coupling. The property of the acoustic feedback is explicitly expressed in the frequency domain by using an acoustic tube model, allowing a clear interpretation of the coupling. Numerical experiments show that the vocal-tract input impedance and frequency responses representing the source-filter coupling have dominant peaks corresponding to the fourth and fifth formants. Results of time-domain simulations also suggest the importance of these high-frequency peaks in voice production.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics