We studied the contribution of internal energy and entropy change to cathode voltage assuming that the cathode material LixMn2O4 was completely ionic and only the Coulomb potential was effective. We calculated the cathode voltage of an ideal spinel structure LixMn2O4 (Fd3m) (Mn-O: 2 Å, Li-O: 1.732 Å, O-O: 2.828 Å). From this calculation, we found that LixMn2O4 has a multiphase co-existence for 0 < x < 1 with a very high voltage (8.7 V versus Li), and has a negative voltage when 1 < x. If we suppose that inserted Li+ and electron have 40% of the formal charge, LixMn2O4 has a voltage from 4.55 to 4.79 V for 0 < x < 1, and has a voltage of 1.75 V when 1 < x.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering