A 90 GHz W-band millimeter-wave back-scattering system is designed and installed for measuring electron scale turbulence (k⊥ρs ∼40). A metal lens relay antenna is used for in-vessel beam focusing, and a beam diameter of less than 40 mm is achieved in the plasma core region. This antenna can be steered at an angle of 159° ± 6°, which almost covers the plasma radius. The estimated size of the scattering volume is ∼105 mm at the edge and 135 mm at the core, respectively. A 60 m corrugated waveguide is used to achieve a low transmission loss of ∼8 dB. A heterodyne detection system for millimeter-wave circuits with probing power modulation can distinguish the scattered signal from background noise.
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