Here, we show the effect of water-organic (acetone, tert-butyl alcohol, and isopropanol) cosolvents on nucleation and anisotropic crystal growth of solution-synthesized ZnO nanowires. The addition of organic solution does not alter the face-selective crystal growth nature but significantly promotes the crystal growth of both length and diameter of the nanowires. Systematic investigations reveal that a variation of the relative dielectric constant in the cosolvent can rigorously explain the observed effect of the water-organic cosolvent on the ZnO nanowire growth via the degree of supersaturation for the nucleation. The difference between acetone, tert-butyl alcohol, and isopropanol on the cosolvent effect can be interpreted in terms of a local solvent-sorting effect.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)