WDR35/IFT121 is an intraflagellar transport protein in primary cilia, which is associated with RagA, an mTORC1-activating protein. To elucidate the functions of the interaction between WDR35 and RagA in primary cilia, as well as mTOR signaling, we identified WDR35-interacting proteins using mass spectrometry. We found that WDR35 associates with CCT complex proteins including TCP1/CCT1, which act as molecular chaperones for α-tubulin folding. Immunostaining showed that acetylated α-tubulin was concentrated in the vicinity of primary cilia in 293T cells. In contrast, acetylated tubulin was dispersed in WDR35 partial knockout cells established from 293T cells. Similarly, scattered subcellular localization of acetylated tubulin was observed in RagA knockout cells. RagA was present in the primary cilia of NIH3T3 cells, and the GDP form of RagA exhibited strong binding to WDR35 and negative regulation of primary cilium formation. These results suggest that WDR35 is involved in the subcellular localization of acetylated tubulin in primary cilia via its interactions with TCP1 and/or RagA family proteins.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2 2021|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology