An interaction system consisting of particles and a quantized scalar field is considered. The Hamiltonian of the system is defined as a self-adjoint operator in a Hilbert space. An ultraviolet cutoff is imposed on the Hamiltonian. A renormalized Hamiltonian is defined by subtracting a renormalization term from the Hamiltonian. Our aim in this paper is to remove the ultraviolet cutoff and take the weak coupling limit simultaneously for the renormalized Hamiltonian. By using a functional integral that contains a vector-valued stochastic integral, a Schrödinger Hamiltonian with a many-body Coulomb potential (resp., Yukawa potential) is derived, if the mass of the quantized scalar field is zero (resp., positive).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics