Which industry is greener? An empirical study of nine industries in OECD countries

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study analyzed the relationship between the CO2 emissions of different industries and economic growth in OECD countries from 1970 to 2005. We tested an environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis and found that total CO2 emissions from nine industries show an N-shaped trend instead of an inverted U or monotonic increasing trend with increasing income. The EKC hypothesis for sector-level CO2 emissions was supported in the (1) paper, pulp, and printing industry; (2) wood and wood products industry; and (3) construction industry. We also found that emissions from coal and oil increase with economic growth in the steel and construction industries. In addition, the non-metallic minerals, machinery, and transport equipment industries tend to have increased emissions from oil and electricity with economic growth. Finally, the EKC turning point and the relationship between GDP per capita and sectoral CO2 emissions differ among industries according to the fuel type used. Therefore, environmental policies for CO2 reduction must consider these differences in industrial characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-388
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy Policy
Volume57
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2013

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OECD
Kuznets curve
industry
economic growth
Industry
construction industry
Construction industry
Economics
Wood products
Iron and steel industry
oil
Gross Domestic Product
machinery
environmental policy
Pulp
Machinery
Printing
Wood
electricity
Minerals

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy(all)
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Which industry is greener? An empirical study of nine industries in OECD countries. / Fujii, Hidemichi; Managi, Shunsuke.

In: Energy Policy, Vol. 57, 01.06.2013, p. 381-388.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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