Aim: Little evidence about whether to apply graft-to-recipient body weight ratio (GRWR) or graft weight to standard liver weight (GW/SLW) for graft selection has been published. The aim of the present study was to clarify the importance of the correct use of GRWR and GW/SLW for selecting graft according to the recipients’ physique in living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Methods: Data were collected for 694 recipients who underwent LDLT between 1997 and 2020. Results: One of the marginal grafts meeting GW/SLW ≥ 35% but GRWR < 0.7% has been used in more recipients with men and higher body mass index (BMI), and the other meeting GRWR ≥ 0.7% but GW/SLW < 35% has been used in more recipients with women with lower BMI. In the cohort of BMI > 30 kg/m2, the recipients with GRWR < 0.7% had a significantly higher incidence of small-for-size graft syndrome (SFSS) compared to those with GRWR ≥ 0.7% (P = 0.008, 46.2% vs 5.9%), and using the cutoff of GW/SLW < 35% could not differentiate. In contrast, in the cohort of BMI ≤ 30 kg/m2, the recipients with GW/SLW < 35% also had a significantly higher incidence of SFSS (P = 0.013, 16.9% vs 9.4%). Multivariate analysis showed that GRWR < 0.7% [odds ratio (OR) 14.145, P = 0.048] was the independent risk factor for SFSS in obese recipients, and GW/SLW < 35% [OR 2.685, P = 0.002] was the independent risk factor in non-obese recipients. Conclusion: Proper use of the formulas for calculating GRWR and GW/SLW in choosing graft according to recipient BMI is important, not only to meet metabolic demand for avoiding SFSS but also to ameliorate donor shortages.
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