Who bears the cost of the business cycle? Labor-market institutions and volatility of the youth unemployment rate

Daiji Kawaguchi, Tetsushi Murao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The way age-specific unemployment rates fluctuate over the business cycle differs significantly across countries. This paper examines the effect of labor-market institutions on the fluctuations of age-specific unemployment rates based on panel data of 18 OECD countries between 1971 and 2008. Empirical results suggest that the cost of the business cycle disproportionately falls on youths in countries with stricter employment protection. This implies that a higher adjustment cost of an existing workforce induces the employment adjustment of new entrants into the labor market. JEL codes: E24, J80

Original languageEnglish
Article number10
JournalIZA Journal of Labor Policy
Volume1
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2012

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Youth unemployment
Business cycles
Unemployment rate
Labor market institutions
Costs
Employment adjustment
OECD countries
Adjustment costs
Panel data
Fluctuations
New entrants
Empirical results
Employment protection
Labour market
Workforce

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Industrial relations
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

Cite this

Who bears the cost of the business cycle? Labor-market institutions and volatility of the youth unemployment rate. / Kawaguchi, Daiji; Murao, Tetsushi.

In: IZA Journal of Labor Policy, Vol. 1, No. 1, 10, 01.12.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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