The purpose of this paper is to investigate Who the Specialist of Testing is. Immediately after postwar days, the specialist of testing was composed of the specialist of subject matter contents, the specialist of educational measurement (test theory) and the specialist of sampling. In around 1956, the specialist of testing indicated only the specialist of subject matter contents. After 1972, the specialist of educational psychology (especially, interested in educational evaluation) took part in the academic competence survey in order to improvemt course of study. In resent years, the specialist of information engineering and educational sociologist (who is interested in the relationship betweeen the pupil's academic achievements and his environment in home) is needed as the specialist of testing. Through the consideration, we will get the solution for the difficult problem why we have not had the nationwide trend data of academic competence from the past time to the present in Japan.
|Translated title of the contribution||Who is the specialist of testing in postwar Japan?: the list of nationwide academic competence surveys and their members in postwar Japan|
|Number of pages||33|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2006|