Why Japanese workers remain in the labor force so long

Lessons for the United States?

John B. Williamson, Masateru Higo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As part of the search for ways to increase labor force participation rates among older workers in the United States, it makes sense to take a close look at evidence from Japan, one of the few industrial countries with a substantially higher labor force participation rate among older workers, particularly men, than the United States. Based mainly on prior studies and original interview data, we first discuss five potential factors which help explain why Japanese workers remain in the labor force as long as they do: (1) perceived economic necessity; (2) the large fraction of workers who are self-employed; (3) a culture that puts a high value on remaining in the labor force throughout the life course; (4) the long healthy life expectancy; and (5) the government's role in facilitating the labor force participation of older workers. We suggest that the Japanese national cultural value on remaining economically productive well into old age clearly underlies the development of the government's legislative initiatives aiming to extend the working lives of older workers. We then outline three policy suggestions for those seeking to increase labor force participation rates among older U. S. workers: (1) increase the financial incentive to workers who remain in the labor force; (2) improve public programs designed to foster efforts by older workers to become self-employed; and (3) increase the extent of government efforts to link older workers to prospective employers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)321-337
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2009

Fingerprint

labor force
worker
labor force participation rate
Life Expectancy
Motivation
Japan
labor force participation
working life
Economics
life expectancy
old age
Interviews
employer
incentive
interview

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Why Japanese workers remain in the labor force so long : Lessons for the United States? / Williamson, John B.; Higo, Masateru.

In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, Vol. 24, No. 4, 01.11.2009, p. 321-337.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{9e040256d6ce477bb446b057fa3d6edb,
title = "Why Japanese workers remain in the labor force so long: Lessons for the United States?",
abstract = "As part of the search for ways to increase labor force participation rates among older workers in the United States, it makes sense to take a close look at evidence from Japan, one of the few industrial countries with a substantially higher labor force participation rate among older workers, particularly men, than the United States. Based mainly on prior studies and original interview data, we first discuss five potential factors which help explain why Japanese workers remain in the labor force as long as they do: (1) perceived economic necessity; (2) the large fraction of workers who are self-employed; (3) a culture that puts a high value on remaining in the labor force throughout the life course; (4) the long healthy life expectancy; and (5) the government's role in facilitating the labor force participation of older workers. We suggest that the Japanese national cultural value on remaining economically productive well into old age clearly underlies the development of the government's legislative initiatives aiming to extend the working lives of older workers. We then outline three policy suggestions for those seeking to increase labor force participation rates among older U. S. workers: (1) increase the financial incentive to workers who remain in the labor force; (2) improve public programs designed to foster efforts by older workers to become self-employed; and (3) increase the extent of government efforts to link older workers to prospective employers.",
author = "Williamson, {John B.} and Masateru Higo",
year = "2009",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10823-009-9102-1",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "321--337",
journal = "Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology",
issn = "0169-3816",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Why Japanese workers remain in the labor force so long

T2 - Lessons for the United States?

AU - Williamson, John B.

AU - Higo, Masateru

PY - 2009/11/1

Y1 - 2009/11/1

N2 - As part of the search for ways to increase labor force participation rates among older workers in the United States, it makes sense to take a close look at evidence from Japan, one of the few industrial countries with a substantially higher labor force participation rate among older workers, particularly men, than the United States. Based mainly on prior studies and original interview data, we first discuss five potential factors which help explain why Japanese workers remain in the labor force as long as they do: (1) perceived economic necessity; (2) the large fraction of workers who are self-employed; (3) a culture that puts a high value on remaining in the labor force throughout the life course; (4) the long healthy life expectancy; and (5) the government's role in facilitating the labor force participation of older workers. We suggest that the Japanese national cultural value on remaining economically productive well into old age clearly underlies the development of the government's legislative initiatives aiming to extend the working lives of older workers. We then outline three policy suggestions for those seeking to increase labor force participation rates among older U. S. workers: (1) increase the financial incentive to workers who remain in the labor force; (2) improve public programs designed to foster efforts by older workers to become self-employed; and (3) increase the extent of government efforts to link older workers to prospective employers.

AB - As part of the search for ways to increase labor force participation rates among older workers in the United States, it makes sense to take a close look at evidence from Japan, one of the few industrial countries with a substantially higher labor force participation rate among older workers, particularly men, than the United States. Based mainly on prior studies and original interview data, we first discuss five potential factors which help explain why Japanese workers remain in the labor force as long as they do: (1) perceived economic necessity; (2) the large fraction of workers who are self-employed; (3) a culture that puts a high value on remaining in the labor force throughout the life course; (4) the long healthy life expectancy; and (5) the government's role in facilitating the labor force participation of older workers. We suggest that the Japanese national cultural value on remaining economically productive well into old age clearly underlies the development of the government's legislative initiatives aiming to extend the working lives of older workers. We then outline three policy suggestions for those seeking to increase labor force participation rates among older U. S. workers: (1) increase the financial incentive to workers who remain in the labor force; (2) improve public programs designed to foster efforts by older workers to become self-employed; and (3) increase the extent of government efforts to link older workers to prospective employers.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=71549134007&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=71549134007&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10823-009-9102-1

DO - 10.1007/s10823-009-9102-1

M3 - Article

VL - 24

SP - 321

EP - 337

JO - Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology

JF - Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology

SN - 0169-3816

IS - 4

ER -